At St John’s, phonics begins in Nursery.
Phase 1 of letters of sounds is delivered and organised using 7 aspects:
- Aspect 1: General sound discrimination – environmental sounds
- Aspect 2: General sound discrimination – instrumental sounds
- Aspect 3: General sound discrimination – body percussion
- Aspect 4: Rhythm and rhyme
- Aspect 5: Alliteration
- Aspect 6: Voice sounds
- Aspect 7: Oral blending and segmenting.
By the end of phase 1, children will have experienced a wealth of listening activities including songs, stories and rhymes. They will be able to distinguish between speech sounds and many will be able to blend and segment words orally. Some will also be able to recognise spoken words that rhyme and will be able to provide a string of rhyming words. Some children will be ready to start learning synthetic phonics and will move on to our next aspect of phonic teaching: Read, Write Inc.
Read, Write, Inc. is a systematic phonics programme designed to teach children to:
- Learn to read and write the 44 phonemes in the English Language
- Read using sound blending
- Write words by saying the sounds and graphemes
- Read some short, simple ditties and then quickly progress to reading the storybooks – this includes developing comprehension skills
Reception, Year 1 and Year 2 children are assessed continuously and grouped in ability for a 30 minute daily, discreet phonics lesson.
The lesson structure comprises of:
- Learning a new sound (see the order in the table)
- Revision of previous sounds
- Practising letter formation / spelling of words
- Blending and segmenting
- Reading passages/texts
The correct pronunciation of each phoneme can be found here.
Children are expected to use and apply their knowledge from the Read, Write, Inc. session in a variety of contexts throughout the day. Opportunities to do this are provided in continuous provision, planned outdoor activities and further word and spelling work in Year 2.
From Reception, children also bring a reading book home every day. Adults in school listen to readers daily throughout Reception and Key Stage 1 to support our ‘Learning to Read’ culture.
All children in Year 2 are taught Phase 6 from Letters and Sounds alongside Read, Write, Inc. to move from phonics for reading into phonics for spelling. Children continue to revise the phonemes but begin to look at more complex spelling patters to support writing. Spelling teaching continues throughout Key Stage 2.
McNally 100 High Frequency Words
If parents or carers would like any further information about phonics, reading or spelling, we ask that they speak to their child’s class teacher. We ask all our parents to help provide the very best start for their child by reading with their child every night at home.